Monday, November 15, 2010

15 Smallest Countries in the World

This is a comprehensive listing of the world's fifteen smallest independent countries, from smallest to largest. They each contain less than 200 square miles in area. If we combined the land area of these 15 countries, we would have a country just a bit larger than the state Rhode Island. Even tiny Singapore is too big for this list (it's 246 square miles)! 

1. Vatican City

Vatican City
Vatican City - 0.2 square miles - The world's smallest state, the Vatican has a population of 770, none of whom are permanent residents. The tiny country which surrounds St. Peter's Basilica is the spiritual center for the world's Roman Catholics (over 1 billion strong). Also known as the Holy See, Vatican City is surrounded by Rome, Italy. 

2. Monaco

Monaco - 0.7 square miles - The tiny state of Monaco lies along the French Riviera on the French Mediterranean coast near Nice.People live in this state known for its Monte Carlo casinos and Princess Grace. It has been independent off-and-on since the 13th century. 

3. Nauru

Nauru - 8.5 square miles - The 13,000 residents of the Pacific island Nauru rely on diminishing phosphate deposits. The state became independent in 1968 and was formerly known as Pleasant Island. 

4. Tuvalu

Tuvalu - 9 square miles - Tuvalu is composed of 9 coral atolls along a 360 mile chain in Polynesia. They gained independence in 1978. The former Ellice Islands are home to 12,000. 

5. San Marino

San Marino
San Marino - 24 square miles - Located on Mt. Titano in north central Italy, San Marino has 29,000 residents. The country claims to be the oldest state in Europe, having been founded in the fourth century. 

6. Liechtenstein

6. Liechtenstein - 62 square miles - This microstate of 34,000 is located on the Rhine River between Switzerland and Austria in the Alps. 

7. Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands - 70 square miles - The atolls (including the world's largest, Kwajalein), reefs, and 34 islands (population 58,000) gained independence in 1986; they were formerly part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (and administered by the United States).

8. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis - 104 square miles - This Caribbean country of 39,000 gained independence in 1983. Nevis is the smaller island of the two and is guaranteed the right to secede. 

9. Seychelles

9. Seychelles - 107 square miles - The 81,000 residents of this Indian Ocean island group have been independent of the United Kingdom since 1976. 

10. Maldives

Maldives - 115 square miles - Only 200 of the 2000 Indian Ocean islands which make up this country are occupied by 340,000 residents. The islands gained independence from the U.K. in 1965. 

11. Malta
Malta - 122 square miles - This island is just south of the Italian island of Sicily. It became independent from the United Kingdom in 1964 and the British military were completely gone by 1979. The population is 400,000. 

12. Grenada
Grenada - 133 square miles - This Caribbean country (population 90,000) became independent of the U.K. in 1974. It's located quite close to Venezuela. 

13. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - 150 square miles - 117,000 people live on these Windward Caribbean islands which gained independence from Britain in 1979. 

14. Barbados

Barbados - 166 square miles - About 280,000 people live on this Caribbean island, the farthest east of the Lesser Antilles. Barbados obtained independence from the U.K. in 1966. 

15. Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda - 171 square miles - This Caribbean nation of 69,000 has been independent from the United Kingdom since 1981. The three islands which compose this country rely on tourism (as do many of the Caribbean countries and territories). 
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  1. you have forgotten Andorra and Gibraltar

  2. An the REAL smallest "The Sovereign Militay order of Malta", which IS recognized as a country. It consists of ONE building in Rome

  3. Andorra is 181 square miles. Gibraltar is not independent.

  4. The picture posted at #14 is not Barbados. Barbados's coastline does not undulate like that nor does it have any smaller islands along it's coast.


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