Sunday, March 4, 2012

10 Interesting Northernmost Items

Do you know where is the northernmost native habitat of palm trees? Where is the northernmost airport? Coral Reef? This is a list of various northernmost things on Earth.

1. Northernmost Natural Habitat of Palm Trees, France
Hyères-les-Palmiers, France  photo source
It is estimated that only 130 palm species grow naturally beyond the tropics, mostly in the subtropics. Chamaerops is the only palm species native to continental Europe. It is mainly found in southwestern Europe (Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Malta) and northwest Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia). It is the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, with the northernmost localities at Hyères-les-Palmiers, on the Mediterranean coast of southern France, at 43° 07' N, and on the island of Capraia off the Italian coast, at 43° 04' N. Google Map

2. Northernmost Airport, Canada
Plane takes off from the northernmost airport in the World  photo source
Alert Airport is the world's northernmost permanent airport, located at Alert, Nunavut, Canada, approximately 830 km (520 mi) south of the true North Pole. It is operated by the Canadian Department of National Defence and is part of Canadian Forces Station Alert. Google Map

3. Northernmost Coral Reef, Norway
Coral reef in Norway  photo source
Norway is home to the world's northernmost coral reef at 71° 15′ N. It can be found off of the coast of Lofoten and the reef is about 20 miles (32 km) long and 2 miles (3 km) across. This is quite a spectacle since coral reefs are usually found in warm waters. Google Map

4. Northernmost Forest, Russia
photo source
Lukunsky grove is the northernmost forest extension in the world. Ary-Mas to the west from Lukunsky grove is the northernmost isolated forest island, though located approximately 6 kilometres more to the south. The only tree-form species of Lukunsky grove is Dahurian larch, but in total there are 268 species of plants, 78 species of birds, and 16 species of mammals. The species composition shows that Lukunsky grove is rather a part of taiga and not tundra. Separate Dahurian larch trees grow up to 5 - 7 metres tall. The Lukunsky grove forms a northern part of wider forest massif extending for hundreds of kilometres to the south.  Google map

5. Northernmost Mosque, Russia
photo source
Nurd Kamal mosque in Norlisk is the northernmost mosque in the world. It’s a Turkish-style structure with a minaret and central dome. The mosque opened for prayers in 1998. It was build by Mukhtad Bekmeyev, a Tatar Muslim among the 50,000-strong Muslim community in Norlisk. He named the mosque after his father. Google Map

6. Northernmost University, Norway
University of Tromsø  photo source
The University of Tromsø is the world's northernmost university. Located in the city of Tromsø, Norway, it was established in 1968, and opened in 1972. It is one of eight universities in Norway. The University of Tromsø is the largest research and educational institution in northern Norway. The University's location makes it a natural venue for the development of studies of the region's natural environment, culture, and society. Google Map

7. Northernmost Capital, Iceland
photo source
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city in Iceland. Its latitude, at 64°08' N, makes it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of Faxaflói Bay. With a population of around 120,000 (and over 200,000 in the Greater Reykjavík Area), it is the heart of Iceland's economic and governmental activity.  Google Map

8. Northernmost Tourist Attraction
Barneo Ice Camp  photo source
Camp Barneo is an ice base annually established on an ice floe relatively close to the North Pole. The first "Barneo" ice base was established in 2002. The ice base is sponsored by the Russian Geographic Society and normally lasts for the month of April. Depending on the base's location, excursions to the actual North Pole can be conducted on skis, by dog sled, or by helicopter. In 2007 Barneo was located at about 89°31.5′N 30°27′W. However, northerly winds cause the camp to drift toward the southeast at a speed of 0.8 km/h. Beginning in 2008, "Barneo" has become a better known unique tourist destination. Because of the constant moving ice on the Arctic Ocean, Barneo has to be rebuilt from scratch each year. Barneo is not merely a tent camp; a flown-in bulldozer was used to flatten the snow so cargo planes can land. Another runway is being built.

9. Northernmost Functional Public Settlement, Svalbard, Norway
Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard  photo source
Ny-Ålesund is one of the four permanent settlements on the island of Spitsbergen in the Svalbard archipelago. It is located on the Brøgger peninsula at Kongsfjorden. Like the rest of Svalbard, Ny-Ålesund is administered by the Kingdom of Norway. Ny-Ålesund is one of the world's northernmost settlements at 78°55′N 11°56′E, and is the world's northernmost functional public settlement. Today, it is inhabited by a permanent population of approximately 30-35 persons. All of them work for one of the research stations - e.g. the Norwegian Polar Institute - or the logistics and supply company "Kings Bay AS", which 'owns' and runs the research village. In the summer the activity in Ny-Ålesund is greatly increased with up to 120 researchers, technicians, and field assistants. At present, Norway, the Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom, France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea and China all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round. Google Map

10. Northernmost Penguin Colony, Galapagos, Ecuador
Galapagos Penguins  photo source
The Galapagos Penguin is a penguin endemic to the Galapagos Islands. It is the only penguin that lives north of the equator in the wild; it can survive due to the cool temperatures resulting from the Humboldt Current and cool waters from great depths brought up by the Cromwell Current. Google Map
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